Background: There are many benefits for the person with disability such as pension, reservation in various field, free education, insurance, healthcare and rehabilitation etc. The biggest obstacle to approach this benefit is the lack of awareness and poor knowledge of certificate benefits as well lack of knowledge of obtaining the certificate.
Aim: To assess the awareness and uses of disability certificate among the caregivers of persons with mental illness.
Methods: Purposive sampling technique was used for selecting samples. The study was carried out at Ranchi Institute of Neuro Psychiatry and Allied Sciences in Ranchi district. Total number of 160 respondents (caregivers/family member of person with mental illness) were taken in the study. Subjects were evaluated using socio demographic datasheet and self-made questionnaire.
Results: Results indicated that caregivers of the persons with mental illness were not aware about health care facility, social security, insurance facility, rehabilitation provision, reservation for that land allotment, reservation facilities available for developmental scheme, skills development program, marketing facilities.
Conclusion: Finding of the present study concluded that majority of the caregivers of the persons with mental illness have not been aware of the disability certificate and its uses which is provided by the government of India.
Attachment pattern and Parenting Style are related and has its impact on different aspects of life. Attachment behaviour anticipates a response by the attachment figure which will remove threat or discomfort. Parenting style, on the other hand, is how parents take care of their child. This impacts the child's personality development, social interaction and close relationships, as well as developing psychopathology. It also influences attachment related insecurities in children and adolescents. Acting together, they often give rise to psychopathological condition, namely obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
Materials and Methods
The study focuses on two separate groups consisting of 20 adolescent (13-17 years of age) males with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and their parents (40, between 40 and 50 years of age) (group 1 - study group), and 40 adolescent males without any overt psychopathology and their parents (120) (group 2 - comparative group). The participants were assessed on General Health Questionnaire12 (GHQ-12), Children Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive scale (CYBOCS), Children Depression Inventory-2 (CDI-2), Parenting Style Questionnaire (PSQ) and Adolescent Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ). Obtained data were analyzed by suitable statistical measure by using SPSS.
Attachment pattern having angry distress and availability were found to be statistically significant in both the groups (t=2.11, (P=0.05) and t=2.70 (P=0.01), respectively. Also authoritarian parenting style in fathers (t=3.45, P=0.01) and authoritative and permissive parenting style in mothers (t=6.39, and t=4.03 (P= 0.01), respectively) of both the groups were statistically significant.
Angry distress and availability attachment pattern and all three parenting styles play a role in developing obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) among adolescent males.
How to cite this article:
Chatterjee S, Bhattacharya B, Chakraborty A. Multidimensional assessment of psychological and neuropsychological factors associated with psychogenic vertigo/psychiatric dizziness: A case study. 2018; 21 (1):24-32.
The concept of ‘psychogenic vertigo’ also known otherwise as ‘psychiatric dizziness’ has always been considered as an unclear disorder that makes it both difficult to understand as well as to treat. Consequently in a number of cases it has been difficult to distinguish it from vertigo caused solely due to organic causes, to understand its phenomenology and thus plan an adequate intervention. The present case study reports a case of psychogenic vertigo where the aim was to have a multidimensional assessment of psychological and neuropsychological factors of the case. The neuropsychological test findings indicated difficulty in switching attention and set-shifting along with deficit in planning. Difficulty in both recall as well as in recognition was also noted, which suggested a problem with the encoding and consolidation process itself. Psychological test findings indicated features of introversion, difficulty in reality testing under stressful situations, somatic preoccupation, negative self-worth. Deficits in planning indicated dysexecution which also suggested the possibility of making the patient vulnerable to adverse life events which was evident in findings suggestive of adjustment problem and difficulty in maintaining close emotional ties. Test findings further indicated anxiety arising out of (conflicts between achievement versus inadequacy, succorance versus aggression; the defenses which were in use were rationalization, projection, distortion, and acting out.