Within this review, we provide an overview of the neurobiology of pornography addiction. The review focuses on the basic neurobiology of addiction and studies done on the neurobiology of the internet pornography addiction. This review also highlights the role of dopamine in pornography addiction, the role of certain brain structures as found on MRI studies and the effect of pornography addiction on higher cognitive functions. The review suggests that internet pornography addiction fits into the addiction framework and shares similar basic mechanisms with substance addiction. The review also stresses on the need of future research in this area.
Vikas R. Sharma,
Background: The concept of burden shares characteristics with that of social performance, existence of burden indicates the breakdown of the reciprocal arrangements that people maintain in their relationship such that one person is doing more than his fair share. Mental health and related services are still a source of stigma and frequently cause important issues for the caregivers and patients as well.
Aim: To assess the perceived family burden, depression, anxiety and stress among the caregivers of married and unmarried female patients with schizophrenia.
Methodology: 30 unmarried and 30 married female schizophrenia patients were recruited from Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS) OPD and mental health stigma scale;depression, anxiety and stress scale; and perceived burden inventory were administered on their care givers.
Result: High level of Family burden was found in care givers of married patients but at the same time caregivers of unmarried patients living with psychosocial distress. High level of Depression, Anxiety and Stress were present in the caregivers of unmarried female patients.
Conclusion: The caregivers of married female schizophrenia patients perceived significantly higher burden in comparison to caregivers of unmarried female schizophrenia patients, whereas the latter group had significantly higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress.
Present study aimed to investigate perceived elder abuse at the community level in Chandigarh city. A door to door random survey was conducted by the researcher and a specially designed performa to record socio-demographic and clinical details of the elderly was recorded. A total of 100 participants were recruited to participate in the interview. They were further interviewed for their perception of elder abuse on the Elder Abuse scale which includes physical abuse, emotional abuse, neglect and financial abuse. The findings obtained from the survey were statistically analysed with the help of SPSS. Results and conclusion of the study were 71% elderly participated in the present study perceived emotional abuse; 36% perceived neglect; 24% of elderly reported financial abuse and physical abuse was reported by 18% of the elderly population. This implies that maximum number of participants perceived emotional abuse in terms of humiliation, threat, being treated like a kid and insult was the prominent issue in the elderly residing in the Chandigarh.
S. Haque Nizamie,
Narendra Kumar Singh,
How to cite this article:
Singh J, Nizamie SH, Singh NK, Bhattacharjee D. Family Stress and Dyadic Adjustment among Parents of Children with Intellectual Disability and Functional Psychosis: A Comparative Study. 2017; 20 (1):27-34.
Children with intellectual disabilities and fuctional psychosis may require additional time and expense to provide independent living and rehabilitative services. The stress of having a child with intellectual disability and functional psychosis can take a toll on parents and cause relationship stress. This study aimed to assess and compare the family stress and dyadic relationship among parents of children with intellectual disability and functional psychosis. This study was a cross-sectional hospital based study. The study samples were selected purposively. The sample size was 40 parents among which 20 parents were of children and adolescents with intellectual disability and 20 parents were of children and adolescents with functional psychosis taken from the Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi. Depression, anxiety and stress scale and dyadic adjustment scale were used for the data collection. Data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS - 21 windows version). Findings indicated no significant difference between the parents of intellectually disabled children and children with psychosis in stress perception and dyadic relationship.