How to cite this article:
Singh OP, Bhattacharyya R. The Right of Persons with Disability (RPWD) Bill 2016: Proactive Approach Needed to Empower Persons with Disability due to Mental Health Problems. 2016; 19 (1):1-5.
Context: School teachers are exposed to high level of stress. Socio-demographic variables, salary, working environment, work pressure play a significant role in causing stress across teachers of different culture. Indian study is lacking in establishing relation between different variables and level of stress.
Aims: To measure the magnitude of stress among school teachers, relation between different socio demographic variables of teachers and stress and to find out if there is any difference in stress of teachers in urban, suburban and rural schools.
Settings and Design: Institution based, single-centre, cross-sectional study.
Materials and Method: 338 school teachers were interviewed across schools from rural, urban and semi urban area of West Bengal. Related data were collected on socio-demographic sheet and stress score was collected on Work Stress Scale (WTS). Data were analyzed by standard statistical methods.
Results: Female sex, age - 50-60 years, urban, private School, headmaster & assistant headmaster, higher paid teachers were found to suffer from high level of stress.
Conclusions: Teaching is a stressful job and level of stress varies across different population.
Declaration of interest – None.
Background: Dementia is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. Dementia is often associated with physical, mental and financial burden. Care giving is associated with more psychological complaints & coping is most often conceptualized as a response to the demands of specific stressful situations.
Aim: To assess the burden in caregiver of persons with dementia and also assess the coping strategies used by the caregivers.
Settings and Design: The study was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Dibrugarh. The subjects for the study were recruited from the outpatient & indoor facilities of the department of Psychiatry, Assam Medical College & Hospital, Dibrugarh. After application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, (n=40) cases of Dementia and theircaregivers (n=40) were included in the study.
Materials & Methods: Diagnosis of dementia was done by fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IVTR). The tools used were Burden Assessment Schedule by Thara et al 15, Assamese version of ways of Coping Questionnaire by Susan Folkman and Richard S. Lazarus 16-17. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS-20.
Results: The results revealed that level of burden reported by caregivers of dementia patients was high. The most common coping strategies used by caregivers of Dementia patients were confronting coping (72%), distancing (45%), seeking social support (45%) and self-controlling (45%).
Conclusion: The various findings in our study evidence that dementia can have serious consequences on families particularly the primary caregivers. Results highlight the importance of improving the mixed coping skills in burdened caregivers.
Allergic reactions to antiepileptic drugs in the form of skin rash are not uncommon but angioedema, an acute life threatening reaction is rare. Levetiracetum has been considered relatively safe compared with other anti epileptic drugs with regard to skin reactions. Though very uncommon but angioedema, a life threatening reaction has been reported with carbamazepine and oxcarbamazepine. We report a case of an 18-year-old woman with generalized tonic clonic seizure who developed angioedema following levetiracetam monotherapy. She was previously on phenytoin and seizure attack remained unchanged, levetiracetam was slowly substituted for phenytoin. After the first dose of levetiracetam she developed a generalized maculopapular skin rash with associated swelling of the face, lips and tongue. The patient had no previous history of skin rashes with any drugs. Levetiracetam was stopped and she improved after treatment with, antihistamines and corticosteroids.
Social phobia is one of the most common psychological disorders seen in children and adolescents. The paucity of literature and lack of training in the behavioural treatment of children with social phobia among health care professionals has made their treatment difficult. The purpose of the present case report was to demonstrate the utility of behavioral treatment (graded exposure therapy) for social phobia in children.