Attachment pattern and Parenting Style are related and has its impact on different aspects of life. Attachment behaviour anticipates a response by the attachment figure which will remove threat or discomfort. Parenting style, on the other hand, is how parents take care of their child. This impacts the child's personality development, social interaction and close relationships, as well as developing psychopathology. It also influences attachment related insecurities in children and adolescents. Acting together, they often give rise to psychopathological condition, namely obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
Materials and Methods
The study focuses on two separate groups consisting of 20 adolescent (13-17 years of age) males with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and their parents (40, between 40 and 50 years of age) (group 1 - study group), and 40 adolescent males without any overt psychopathology and their parents (120) (group 2 - comparative group). The participants were assessed on General Health Questionnaire12 (GHQ-12), Children Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive scale (CYBOCS), Children Depression Inventory-2 (CDI-2), Parenting Style Questionnaire (PSQ) and Adolescent Attachment Questionnaire (AAQ). Obtained data were analyzed by suitable statistical measure by using SPSS.
Attachment pattern having angry distress and availability were found to be statistically significant in both the groups (t=2.11, (P=0.05) and t=2.70 (P=0.01), respectively. Also authoritarian parenting style in fathers (t=3.45, P=0.01) and authoritative and permissive parenting style in mothers (t=6.39, and t=4.03 (P= 0.01), respectively) of both the groups were statistically significant.
Angry distress and availability attachment pattern and all three parenting styles play a role in developing obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) among adolescent males.
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