Eastern Journal of Psychiatry

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 1-2 ( February-August, 2009 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Memory Deficits among Chronic Alcoholics - A Hospital Based Study

L Roshan Singh, S Gojendra Singh, M Akshayakumar Singh, N Heramani Singh, R.K. Lenin Singh

Keywords : Memory deficit, chronic alcoholic, Neuropsychological Battery etc

Citation Information : Singh LR, Singh SG, Singh MA, Singh NH, Singh RL. Memory Deficits among Chronic Alcoholics - A Hospital Based Study. 2009; 12 (1-2):34-36.

DOI: 10.5005/EJP-12-1--2-34

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-10-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; The Author(s).


The predominant neuropsychological components found deficit among the chronic alcoholics is memory. The aim of the study was to assess the memory deficit among chronic alcoholics and non alcoholic groups. A total of 30 chronic alcohol dependent patients, diagnosed according to ICD- 10 criteria were selected through convenient sampling method. Another 30 matched non alcoholic groups were also selected and they were identified as non alcoholics based on the subjective report and the information's collected from friends and relatives. A semi structured proforma was used for collection of socio-demographic variables for both the groups. The NIM HANS Neuropsychological Battery was administered to both the groups. The components such as delayed recall, verbal learning and memory, verbal memory and visual learning and memory were found to be highly significant at 0.003 probability levels among the chronic alcoholics whereas sentence repetition was found to be insignificant at 0.015 probability level.

PDF Share
  1. Grant, I. Alcohol and the brain: neuropsychological correlates. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1987; 55: 310-324.
  2. Bachara, A., Dolan, S., Denburg, N., Hindes, A., Anderson, S.W. & Nathan, P.E. Decision-making deficits, linked to dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in alcohol and stimulant abusers. Neuropsychologia 2001; 39: 376-388.
  3. Selby, M.J. & Azrin, R.L. Neuropsychological functioning in drug abusers, Drug and Alcohol Dependence 1998; 50: 39-45.
  4. Ambrose, M.L., Bowden, S.C. & Whelan, G. Working memory impairments in alcohol-dependent participants without clinical amnesia, Alcoholism. Clinical and Exp Research 2001; 25: 185-191.
  5. Wendt, P.E. & Risberg, J. Ethanol reduces cCFB activation of left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during a verbal fluency task. Brain and Language 2001; 77: 197-215.
  6. Sweeney, D.F. Alcohol verses Mnemosyne-Blackout. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 1989; 6: 159-162.
  7. Moskowitz, H & Murray, J.T. Decrease of iconic memory after alcohol. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1979; 37: 270-283.
  8. Jone, B.M. Memory impairment on the ascending and descending limbs of the blood alcohol curve. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 1972; 82: 24-32.
  9. Golden, C.J., Moses, J.A., Coffman, J.A., Miller, W.R. & Strider F.D. Clinical Neuropsychology. Interface with neurologic and Psychiatric disorders. Grune and Stration Inc. New York, 1983.
  10. Jackson, M., Mara, W., Fox, G.A., Hawke, S.H. & Tuck, R.R. Effect of social drinking an neuropsychological performance. British Journal of Addiction 1989; 84: 659-667.
  11. World Health Organization. The ICD- 10 Classifications of Mental and Behavioural Disorders. Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines, W.H.O., Geneva, 1992.
  12. Mukundan, CR, Rao, SL, Jain, VK, Jayakumar, PN & Shailaja, K. Neuropsychological assessment a cross validation study with neuroradiological, operative findings in patients with cerebral hemisphere lesions. Pharmacopsychologia 1991; 4: 33–39.
  13. Penick, E.C., Powell, B.J. & Nickel, E.J. Co-morbidity of lifetime psychiatric disorder among male alcoholic patients. Alcohol Clinical Exp Research 1994; 18:1289-1293.
  14. Read, M.R., Penick, E.C. & Powell, B.J. Sub typing male alcoholics by family history of alcohol abuse and co-occurring psychiatric disorder: a bi-dimensional model. British Journal of Addict 1990; 85: 367-378.
  15. Glenn, S.W., Parsons, O.A. & Stevens, L. Effects of alcohol abuse and familial alcoholism on physical health in men and women. Health Psychology 1989; 8, 325-341.
  16. Tarter, R.E., Arria, A.M. & Van Thiel, D.H. Hepatic encephalopathy coexistent with alcoholism, Recent Development Alcohol 1991; 9: 205-224.
  17. Pitel, A.L., Rivier J., Beaunieux, H., Vabret, F., Desgranges, B., & Eustache, F. Changes in the episodic memory and executive functions of abstinent and relapsed alcoholics over a 6-month period, Alcohol Clinical Exp Research 2009; 33(3), 490-498.
  18. Jones, B.M. Memory impairment on the ascending and descending limbs of the blood alcohol curve. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 1973; 82: 24–32.
  19. Ryan, C., Butters, N., Montgomery, K. Adinolfi, A.L. & Didario, B. Memory deficits in chronic alcoholics: Continuities between the intact alcoholic and the alcoholic korsakoff patient. The Neuropsychology Casebook: Springer-Verlag, 1980.
  20. Brand, J. Butters, N., Ryan, C. & Bayog, R. Cognitive loss and recovery in long - term alcohol abusers. Archives of General Psychiatry 1983; 40: 435–442.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.