Eastern Journal of Psychiatry

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 1-2 ( February-August, 2009 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Culture and Somatization: A Psycho Social Perspective

Arif Ali, S.P. Deuri, A. Baruah, S.K. Deuri

Keywords : Culture and Somatization

Citation Information : Ali A, Deuri S, Baruah A, Deuri S. Culture and Somatization: A Psycho Social Perspective. 2009; 12 (1-2):28-33.

DOI: 10.5005/EJP-12-1--2-28

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 13-10-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; The Author(s).


Abstract

Culture shapes the perception and expression of distress. The occurrence of somatization varies across socio cultural groups and seems to be influenced by psychosocial factors. The study was conducted on somatization patients selected from outpatient unit of LGB Regional Institute of Mental Health, Tezpur, Assam. The data was collected in a period of three months from September to November, 2008. Subjects fulfilling the criteria of the study were evaluated for socio demographic variables and clinical presentation on semi structured proforma and thereafter the Bradford Somatic Inventory1, Satisfaction with Life Scale2, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support3, WHO Wellbeing Index (1998)4 and Perceived Stress Scale5 were administered. Women have consistently been shown to report more somatic symptoms than men. Perceived social supports and perceived stress was found to have a significant positive correlation with life satisfaction. Wellbeing was found to be poor in the most of the patients and was found to have a significant positive correlation with perceived stress. Somatization is common in all ethno cultural groups and societies studied to date. The importance of demographics, psychosocial functioning, perceived stress, availability of social support was emphasized in the explanation of somatization tendencies among the subjects in the present study.


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